The article States with the most STD and STI infections is republished from: https://blog.meetpositives.com
Rates of Chlamydia Infection in US
Every year, a large number of U.S. youth get sexually transmitted infections (STDs) and the most common out of the three well known STDs among young people in the United States is Chlamydia which can damage a woman’s reproductive system making it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant later on.
Most people are not aware that they have Chlamydia because the symptoms will begin in 5 to 10 days after you got the infection. Because Chlamydia has few symptoms or does not show symptoms at all it can sometimes be untreated for a long time which can become a serious threat to your health.
Almost, 20 million Americans catch an STD every year and the proportion of new infections that are in people ages 15-24 is 50%. The rates of Chlamydia infection differ by state and this map shows the cases in by state.
First seen on: (http://www.livescience.com/48100-sexually-transmitted-infections-50-states-map.html)
Sexually transmitted diseases are one major group of diseases that make for ongoing hidden epidemics: In the United States alone, there are nearly 20 million cases of new sexually transmitted infections yearly, from just eight viruses and bacteria, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The eight most common STDs in the U.S. are chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B virus (HBV), genital herpes, HIV, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis and trichomoniasis. About 50.5 million of these current infections are in men, and 59.5 million are in women, according to the CDC’s 2013 report, in which the researchers looked at 2008 data.
The most current data estimates that about 1.8 million people have chlamydia, as opposed to 1.6 million in the previous study. But because estimates have a margin of error, the current rate should not be interpreted as an increase, Torrone told Live Science.
Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States. But most people with chlamydial infections may not show any symptoms, and so the number of actual infections is much higher than the number of those reported, which was 1.4 million in 2012, or a rate of 457 cases per 100,000 people.
It is easy to cure chlamydia – it is a bacterial infection treated with antibiotics. If left untreated, the infection can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant. An untreated chlamydial infection can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (an infection of the reproductive organs), in about 10 to 15 percent of infected women, and lead to infertility.
Rates of chlamydial infection differ by state. In 2012, chlamydia rates ranged from 233 cases per 100,000 people in New Hampshire to 774 in Mississippi and 1,102 in the District of Columbia per 100,000 people.
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported STD in the United States, and it is especially common among people ages 15 to 24, according to the CDC. Gonorrhea can affect the genitals, rectum and throat, and can be cured with the right medication. Left untreated, the bacterial infection can lead to significant health problems, such as infertility and chronic pelvic pain.
It is estimated that more than 800,000 new infections occur each year. In 2012, there were 334,826 cases reported in the United States, which is a rate of 107 cases per 100,000 people. Rates by state ranged from 8 per 100,000 in Wyoming, to 230 in Mississippi and 389 in the District of Columbia per 100,000 people.
Although syphilis was nearly eliminated from the United States about a decade ago, the number of cases is on the rise again, according to a 2014 report from the CDC.
Syphilis is easy to cure in its early stages, but can cause long-term problems if the bacterial infection is left untreated. Symptoms of syphilis can vary depending on the stage of the disease. The first two stages, during which the condition is most contagious, are known as primary and secondary syphilis.
In 2012, the 15 states and the District of Columbia that had the highest rates of primary and secondary syphilis accounted for 70 percent of all U.S. cases. The national rate of syphilis is currently estimated at 5 cases in every 100,000 people.
So what’s the real score for these infections? And what do we do to prevent or reduce the risk of infection?
First seen on: (http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/2015/std-surveillance-report-press-release.html)
Reported Cases of Sexually Transmitted Diseases on the Rise, Some at Alarming Rate
Reported cases of three nationally notifiable STDs – chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis – have increased for the first time since 2006, according to data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the 2014 STD Surveillance Report.
The approximately 1.4 million reported cases of chlamydia, a rate of 456.1 cases per 100,000 population, is up 2.8 percent since 2013. Rates of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis – the most infectious stages of syphilis –and gonorrhea have both increased since 2013, by 15.1 percent and 5.1 percent, respectively. In 2014, there were 350,062 reported cases of gonorrhea (a rate of 110.7 per 100,000) and 19,999 reported cases of P&S syphilis (for a rate of 6.3 per 100,000).
STDs continue to affect young people—particularly women–most severely, but increasing rates among men contributed to the overall increases in 2014 across all three diseases.
“America’s worsening STD epidemic is a clear call for better diagnosis, treatment, and prevention,” said Jonathan Mermin, M.D., director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and Tuberculosis Prevention. “STDs affect people in all walks of life, particularly young women and men, but these data suggest an increasing burden among gay and bisexual men.”
Research needed to better understand increases among gay and bisexual men
P&S syphilis among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been increasing since at least 2000. In 2014, rates of P&S syphilis increased among MSM, who account for 83 percent of reported cases among men when the sex of the partner is known. Also concerning is that more than half of MSM (51 percent) diagnosed with syphilis in 2014 were also HIV-positive. Infection with syphilis can cause sores on the genitals, which make it easier to transmit and acquire HIV.
Syphilis is currently the only STD for which information on the sex of the sex partner is reported. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that MSM are experiencing similar increases in gonorrhea and chlamydia infections– underscoring the need to further understand what is contributing to the rise.
Gay and bisexual men face a combination of social, epidemiologic, and individual risk factors that can fuel high levels of STDs. Higher prevalence of infection within sexual networks increases the likelihood of acquiring an STD with each sexual encounter. Additionally, barriers to receiving STD services such as lack of access to quality health care, homophobia, or stigma may all contribute to greater risk for this population. CDC recommends screening at least once a year for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea for all sexually active MSM.
To better identify and address specific challenges facing gay and bisexual men, CDC is concentrating research efforts to better identify and address specific challenges facing gay and bisexual men, developing educational resources for providers to engage them in sexual health services, and improving efforts to offer more culturally relevant care.
Young people still disproportionately affected by STDs
The 2014 data also show that youth are still at the highest risk of acquiring an STD, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea. Despite being a relatively small portion of the sexually active population, young people between the ages of 15 and 24 accounted for the highest rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in 2014 and almost two thirds of all reported cases. Additionally, previous estimates suggest that young people in this age group acquire half of the estimated 20 million new STDs diagnosed each year.
Despite recommendations from the CDC and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for annual chlamydia and gonorrhea screening for sexually active women younger than 25, experts believe far too many young people are not tested, and therefore don’t know they are infected.
“The consequences of STDs are especially severe for young people,” said Gail Bolan, M.D., director of CDC’s Division of STD Prevention. “Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often have no symptoms, many infections go undiagnosed and this can lead to lifelong repercussions for a woman’s reproductive health, including pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.”
Preventing STDs among youth is a key priority for CDC. CDC encourages the use of expedited partner therapy (offering treatment to the sex partners of patients diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea without a prior medical exam) where legally permissible, recommending the most effective treatment options, and providing resources to state and local health departments to support on-the-ground STD prevention efforts.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has implemented a National Coverage Determination to ensure STD screening services are covered under Medicare Part B. Most plans must provide coverage for recommended sexually transmitted infection preventive services without cost-sharing under the Affordable Care Act. The Health Resource and Services Administration funds health centers to offer an array of STD prevention services and appropriate treatment.
To reduce STDs, Americans must take steps to protect themselves. For sexually active individuals, testing and treatment according to CDC’s recommendations, using condoms consistently and correctly, and limiting the number of sex partners are all effective strategies for reducing the risk of infection and consequences to health.
The large number of infections acquired by persons with STD create a substantial economic burden. STD cases in United States is alarming and programs are being implemented to all the infected individuals. To better understand the STD/STIs, several programs as well as sex education are being implemented for youth and seniors on how they can contract the disease and how it will affect their living. Regular check up and prevention are the most common to do in order to prevent the disease spread to others!
First seen on: (https://mic.com/articles/100634/which-state-has-the-most-stds-check-these-maps#.GCYrKMpl7)
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data, approximately 20 million new sexually transmitted infections are reported each year, split between eight commonly transmitted conditions: HPV, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B. LiveScience reports the CDC’s best estimate is that 110 million Americans, or about 1 in 3, suffer from these conditions at any particular moment. And the infections cost around $16 billion to treat each year.
It’s what LiveScience calls America’s “hidden STD epidemic.” The most recent estimates are from 2012, and the CDC illustrated the problem in several squick-inducing graphs below. They likely underestimate the problem, as only a fraction of cases are reported to the federal government. Young people in the 15-24 age range are particularly vulnerable, receiving a disproportionate 50% of all new infections.
Chlamydia is even more common, with a national rate of 453.5 infections per 100,000 people. But much of the country soars well above that rate, like New York’s rate of 517 infections per 100,000 and Mississippi with 774. Most of the South, Southwest and mid-Atlantic fares poorly. It’s pretty bad — the CDC reports that “This is the largest number of cases ever reported to CDC for any condition.”
Then there’s syphilis, which actually comes with some good news: It’s comparatively rare, with an incidence rate of 5.1 per 100,000.
U.S.T.D: So yes, it seems certain regions of the country have serious problems with STDs. But knowing is half the battle. The CDC data raises awareness of elevated levels of STDs so people can seek proper testing and treatment. For example, a government report from June estimated that up to 400,000 out of the 1.8 million people with chlamydia don’t know about it.
The same report also found that STDs disproportionately affect minorities: Black teenage girls who are sexually active have an 18.6% chance of having an STD, while white teenage girls have a rate of 2.4%. The CDC adds that in 2012, the chlamydia rate was 6.8 times higher for blacks than whites.
The majority of STDs either do not produce any symptoms or signs, or they produce symptoms so mild that they are unnoticed. It would be best to have an honest and open talk with your healthcare provider and ask whether you should be tested if you are a sexually active women younger than 25 years, or an older woman with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners.